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August 2023

Tuesday, 29 August 2023 00:00

Exploring the Bones and Joints of the Foot

The structure of the foot comprises a fascinating network of bones and joints that enable us to walk, run, and stand. The foot has three major sections: the forefoot, midfoot, and hindfoot. The forefoot contains metatarsal bones forming the ball of the foot, while the midfoot houses various tarsal bones. The tarsal bones are responsible for maintaining arches and facilitating flexibility. The hindfoot houses the heel bone, or calcaneus, and is crucial for absorbing shock during movement. Other joints in the foot, like the ankle joint and the subtalar joint, allow for complex motions that include dorsiflexion and plantarflexion. Understanding this skeletal framework is essential for appreciating the importance of proper foot care and maintaining overall mobility and comfort. If you would like more information about the biomechanics of the feet, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can provide you with the knowledge you are seeking.

If you have any concerns about your feet, contact Dr. Glen Robison from AZ Foot & Ankle. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Biomechanics in Podiatry

Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body, causing an interference with the biological structures. It focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.

A History of Biomechanics

  • Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
  • In 1974, biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination in the area.

Modern technological improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes that provide a better understanding of podiatric concepts for biomechanics. Computers can provide accurate information about the forces and patterns of the feet and lower legs.

Understanding biomechanics of the feet can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Mesa and Globe, AZ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Biomechanics in Podiatry
Tuesday, 22 August 2023 00:00

Foot Care Tips for Seniors

Properly caring for aging feet is crucial for maintaining a senior's health. Wearing properly fitted shoes, washing and moisturizing the feet daily, and conducting regular foot checks are all essential practices. Trimming the nails is also important, as well as seeking assistance from caregivers, family members, or other professionals for help if needed. Minimizing foot injuries is vital to prevent further issues. Participating in regular exercise will also keep the feet in good condition. Embracing nutritious diets promotes overall health. Resting the feet and avoiding high heels can further safeguard them. Special care is needed for seniors with diabetes to prevent complications. If you are a senior or you take care of one, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist to obtain daily professional care. 

If you need your feet checked, contact Dr. Glen Robison of AZ Foot & Ankle. Our doctor will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs and provide you with quality treatment.

Geriatrics and Podiatry
When people age, some common issues that may occur are bone density loss, dry skin, poor circulation, and rough brittle nails. These issues may also affect your foot health if the necessary steps are not taken to alleviate the problems.

It is important to take care of your feet because feet that are injured or diseased can affect your overall health. Having painful feet hinders your ability to do daily activities or may decrease your willingness to do the things that you need to do.

Visiting Your Geriatrician
As we age, health problems become more likely, so it is essential to visit your doctor for check-ups to ensure that you are doing the best you can to take care of your health. It is recommended to check your feet frequently for any possible cuts, bruises, swelling, corns or any other irregularities. 

Taking Care of Elderly Feet
Cracked or dry feet can be treated by applying moisturizer often. It is also important not to wear old socks because the older the sock is, the higher the possibility there will be that there is bacteria there. Wear fresh socks and make sure they fit properly.

Proper foot health means that you can have a more active lifestyle and you will not be bogged down by pain. Foot health also leads to good circulation, which is paramount for overall health.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Mesa and Globe, AZ . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Geriatrics and Podiatry
Tuesday, 15 August 2023 00:00

Common Causes of Foot Pain

Foot pain can significantly impact your quality of life, making it difficult to complete your daily activities. One common cause of foot pain is improper footwear, as wearing ill-fitting shoes or high heels can lead to foot disorders and discomfort. In addition, injuries sustained during high-impact exercises or sports activities, such as running or aerobics, may result in foot pain. This includes sprains, strains, fractures, and tears in ligaments, tendons, or muscles. Another cause of foot pain is osteoarthritis, which results from the overuse of cartilage surrounding the joints, particularly affecting the big toe. Rheumatoid arthritis also can lead to pain, stiffness, and swelling in the joints of the feet and ankles. For patients with diabetes, nerve damage, and reduced blood flow, foot ulcers may develop and cause persistent foot pain. Apart from these primary causes, various specific conditions can lead to foot pain, such as plantar fasciitis, corns, calluses, bunions, and ingrown toenails. Flat feet, heel spurs, tarsal tunnel syndrome, and Sever's disease are other causes of foot pain. If you are experiencing foot pain, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist who can determine the cause and offer the appropriate treatment options. 

Foot Pain

Foot pain can be extremely painful and debilitating. If you have a foot pain, consult with Dr. Glen Robison from AZ Foot & Ankle. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.


Foot pain is a very broad condition that could be caused by one or more ailments. The most common include:

  • Bunions
  • Hammertoes
  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Bone Spurs
  • Corns
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Ingrown Toenails
  • Arthritis (such as Gout, Rheumatoid, and Osteoarthritis)
  • Flat Feet
  • Injury (from stress fractures, broken toe, foot, ankle, Achilles tendon ruptures, and sprains)
  • And more


To figure out the cause of foot pain, podiatrists utilize several different methods. This can range from simple visual inspections and sensation tests to X-rays and MRI scans. Prior medical history, family medical history, and any recent physical traumatic events will all be taken into consideration for a proper diagnosis.


Treatment depends upon the cause of the foot pain. Whether it is resting, staying off the foot, or having surgery; podiatrists have a number of treatment options available for foot pain.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Mesa and Globe, AZ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Foot Pain

Gout is a painful arthritis caused by uric acid buildup in the body, leading to joint redness, tenderness, and severe pain. It commonly affects the feet and specifically the big toe, but can impact other joints, like the ankles, elbows, wrists, fingers, and knees. Symptoms include intense joint pain, joint inflammation, and limited range of movement. Gout is typically more common in individuals with high levels of uric acid in their bodies. Several factors contribute to this condition, including obesity, family history of gout, being male, consuming foods higher in purines, and specific medical conditions like untreated high blood pressure, diabetes, and heart and kidney diseases. Diagnosing gout involves a physical examination and may include tests such as uric acid blood tests and joint aspiration to check for urate crystals. Adopting a healthy diet, maintaining a proper body weight to prevent obesity, and making lifestyle changes like reducing alcohol and sweetened beverage consumption can be beneficial in managing gout effectively. If you suspect you have gout, it is strongly suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis and treatment.

Gout is a foot condition that requires certain treatment and care. If you are seeking treatment, contact Dr. Glen Robison from AZ Foot & Ankle. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Is Gout?

Gout is a type of arthritis caused by a buildup of uric acid in the bloodstream. It often develops in the foot, especially the big toe area, although it can manifest in other parts of the body as well. Gout can make walking and standing very painful and is especially common in diabetics and the obese.

People typically get gout because of a poor diet. Genetic predisposition is also a factor. The children of parents who have had gout frequently have a chance of developing it themselves.

Gout can easily be identified by redness and inflammation of the big toe and the surrounding areas of the foot. Other symptoms include extreme fatigue, joint pain, and running high fevers. Sometimes corticosteroid drugs can be prescribed to treat gout, but the best way to combat this disease is to get more exercise and eat a better diet.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Mesa and Globe, AZ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Everything You Need to Know About Gout
Friday, 04 August 2023 00:00

Reminder: When Was the Last Time...?

Custom orthotics, or shoe inserts, should be periodically replaced. Orthotics must fit properly to give you the best results. Protect your feet and ankles!

Tuesday, 01 August 2023 00:00

2 Categories of Workplace Foot Injuries

Studies show that many workman compensation cases involve the feet. The various injuries targeting the feet and ankles can be classified into two groups. Mishaps that happen from punctures, lacerations, and crushing is one category, while the other group results from slips, trips, and falls. Common injuries that happen can be crushed or broken feet as a result of falling objects or moving vehicles, and punctures on the bottom of the feet caused by sharp metal or glass objects. Wearing appropriate shoes may help to prevent many of these types of injuries. It is beneficial for employers to educate their employees about foot injury prevention policies. This can include the types of shoes that should be worn for the specific job. If you would like more information about additional foot protection while working, it is suggested that you confer with a podiatrist who can provide you with helpful tips.

While working on the feet, it is important to take the proper care of them. For more information about working on your feet, contact Dr. Glen Robison from AZ Foot & Ankle. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Working on Your Feet

Standing on your feet for long periods of time can cause stress and pain in your feet. Your whole body may experience change in terms of posture, back pain, bunions, callouses and or plantar warts. There are ways to avoid these conditions with proper foot care, smart choices and correct posture.

Positive Changes

Negative heeled shoe – Choosing this shoe type places the heel slightly lower than the ball of the foot. These are great for overall foot health. Find shoes that fit you correctly.

Go barefoot – Our feet were not designed to be enclosed for all hours of the day. Try to periodically expose your feet to air.

Eliminate Pain

Foot Exercises – Performing simple exercises, incorporating yoga and doing stretches are beneficial. This will allow increased blood flow to the area and muscles of the foot.

Achilles tendon – Stretching the foot out flat on the floor will relax the calf muscles and tendon. These exercises can be performed almost anywhere. Make sure you add these exercises to your daily regimen. 

With a little bit of this information and knowing more about foot health, you will notice changes. Foot stretches and proper footwear will help with pain and prevent further issues.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Mesa and Globe, AZ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Working on Your Feet
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