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July 2023

Tarsal tunnel syndrome is an infrequent condition characterized by damage to the tibial nerve, one of the major nerves in the body. It is typically caused by compression within the tarsal tunnel, which is a narrow passage located inside the ankle. This compression, known as entrapment neuropathy, occurs due to the restricted space formed by bones and soft tissues in the area. The tibial nerve, along with certain blood vessels and tendons, passes through the tarsal tunnel. It is responsible for moving and feeling things in the lower leg and foot. However, the term tarsal tunnel syndrome is commonly used to describe any discomfort or pain along the tibial nerve. This syndrome can stem from various underlying causes, including injury to the foot or ankle, flat feet or fallen arches, and medical conditions, such as diabetes or arthritis. Individuals affected by tarsal tunnel syndrome may experience pain, a burning sensation, or tingling along the path of the tibial nerve. If you have foot or ankle pain, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis and treatment.

Tarsal tunnel syndrome can be very uncomfortable to live with. If you are experiencing tarsal tunnel syndrome, contact Dr. Glen Robison of AZ Foot & Ankle. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Tarsal tunnel syndrome, which can also be called tibial nerve dysfunction, is an uncommon condition of misfiring peripheral nerves in the foot. The tibial nerve is the peripheral nerve in the leg responsible for sensation and movement of the foot and calf muscles. In tarsal tunnel syndrome, the tibial nerve is damaged, causing problems with movement and feeling in the foot of the affected leg.

Common Cause of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Involves pressure or an injury, direct pressure on the tibial nerve for an extended period of time, sometimes caused by other body structures close by or near the knee.
  • Diseases that damage nerves, including diabetes, may cause tarsal tunnel syndrome.
  • At times, tarsal tunnel syndrome can appear without an obvious cause in some cases.

The Effects of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Different sensations, an afflicted person may experience pain, tingling, burning or other unusual sensations in the foot of the affected leg.
  • The foot muscles, toes and ankle become weaker, and curling your toes or flexing your foot can become difficult.
  • If condition worsens, infections and ulcers may develop on the foot that is experiencing the syndrome.

A physical exam of the leg can help identify the presence of tarsal tunnel syndrome. Medical tests, such as a nerve biopsy, are also used to diagnose the condition. Patients may receive physical therapy and prescriptive medication. In extreme cases, some may require surgery.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Mesa and Globe, AZ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Treating Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
Tuesday, 18 July 2023 00:00

Runners and Big Toe Pain

People who participate in running or jogging may experience pain in their big toe. The main joint in the big toe can be prone to undergoing substantial forces while running. It is known as the MTP, or metatarsophalangeal, joint. As the body shifts between the heel and toes while running, the weight can shift to the big toe, which is used as a lever for pushing off. The sesamoid bones are located under the MTP joints, and are as small as sesame seeds. They are prone to injury when they are overworked, and the pain can radiate to the big toe. Additionally, having arthritis in the MTP joint may lead to toe pain, and the affected area may feel stiff. This is known to become worse with age, and mild relief may be felt when the correct shoes are worn. If you have pain in your big toe, it is suggested that you confer with a podiatrist who can offer you additional relief options.

Toe pain can disrupt your daily activities. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Glen Robison of AZ Foot & Ankle. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Causes Toe Pain?

Most severe toe pain is caused due to a sports injury, trauma from dropping something heavy on the toe, or bumping into something rigid. Other problems can develop over time for various reasons.

Toe pain can be caused by one or more ailments. The most common include:

  • Trauma
  • Sports injury
  • Wearing shoes that are too tight
  • Arthritis
  • Gout
  • Corns and calluses
  • Hammertoe
  • Bunions
  • Blisters
  • Ingrown toenails
  • Sprains
  • Fractures (broken bones)
  • Dislocations

When to See a Podiatrist

  • Severe pain
  • Persistent pain that lasts more than a week
  • Signs of infection
  • Continued swelling
  • Pain that prevents walking

Diagnosis

In many cases the cause of toe pain is obvious, but in others, a podiatrist may want to use more advanced methods to determine the problem. These can range from simple visual inspections and sensation tests to X-rays and MRI scans. Prior medical history, family medical history, and any recent physical traumatic events will all be taken into consideration for a proper diagnosis.

Treatment

Treatments for toe pain and injuries vary and may include shoe inserts, padding, taping, medicines, injections, and in some cases, surgery. If you believe that you have broken a toe, please see a podiatrist as soon as possible.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Mesa and Globe, AZ . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Toe Pain
Tuesday, 11 July 2023 00:00

Signs of a Broken Ankle

The ankles play a significant role in balancing the weight of the body and are strong enough to endure participating in strenuous activities. They are also flexible and may be susceptible to breaking, which can happen from landing awkwardly on a hard surface. One of the first signs you may have that you have broken your ankle is severe pain. This is considered to be the body’s natural defense against an injury, and the pain level happens accordingly to the severity of the injury. Other symptoms may include a numbing sensation and immediate swelling, and it is often difficult, if not impossible to walk. A severely broken ankle may have a bone protruding from the skin, which may bleed and become infected. A diagnosis is often performed that can confirm the broken ankle, and treatment can begin. Many people wear a cast or protective boot as their fractured ankle heals, and this may provide an opportunity for mobility. If you have broken your ankle, it is suggested that you confer with a podiatrist who can determine what the best form of treatment is for you.

Broken ankles need immediate treatment. If you are seeking treatment, contact Dr. Glen Robison from AZ Foot & Ankle. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet. 

Broken Ankles
A broken ankle is experienced when a person fractures their tibia or fibula in the lower leg and ankle area. Both of these bones are attached at the bottom of the leg and combine to form what we know to be our ankle.

When a physician is referring to a break of the ankle, he or she is usually referring to a break in the area where the tibia and fibula are joined to create our ankle joint. Ankles are more prone to fractures because the ankle is an area that suffers a lot of pressure and stress. There are some obvious signs when a person experiences a fractured ankle, and the following symptoms may be present.

Symptoms of a Fractured Ankle

  • Excessive pain when the area is touched or when any pressure is placed on the ankle
  •  Swelling around the area
  •  Bruising of the area
  • Area appears to be deformed

If you suspect an ankle fracture, it is recommended to seek treatment as soon as possible. The sooner you have your podiatrist diagnose the fracture, the quicker you’ll be on the way towards recovery.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Mesa and Globe, AZ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Broken Ankle Causes, Differences, Symptoms and Treatments

Suffering from this type of pain? You may have the foot condition known as Morton's neuroma. Morton's neuroma may develop as a result of ill-fitting footwear and existing foot deformities. We can help.

Tuesday, 04 July 2023 00:00

Causes of Flat Feet in Adults

Adults who have flat feet may experience pain. It can happen occasionally or constantly, and often requires shoes that are worn to have adequate arch support. The majority of babies are born with flat feet, and an abnormal foot structure may cause the feet to remain that way through adulthood. Flat feet may also develop in people who become overweight, as a result of the added pressure the feet endure. Additionally, existing medical conditions such as diabetes, and rheumatoid arthritis may lead to getting flat feet, and it may also happen to people as the aging process occurs. The possibility of spraining or fracturing the ankle may increase as the ankle rolls inward while walking, often causing the gait to change. Many patients find relief when specific stretches are performed that target strengthening the arch, and wearing orthotics may help to diminish any discomfort from having flat feet. If you have this foot condition, it is strongly suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can offer you relief options.

Flatfoot is a condition many people suffer from. If you have flat feet, contact Dr. Glen Robison from AZ Foot & Ankle. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Are Flat Feet?

Flatfoot is a condition in which the arch of the foot is depressed and the sole of the foot is almost completely in contact with the ground. About 20-30% of the population generally has flat feet because their arches never formed during growth.

Conditions & Problems:

Having flat feet makes it difficult to run or walk because of the stress placed on the ankles.

Alignment – The general alignment of your legs can be disrupted, because the ankles move inward which can cause major discomfort.

Knees – If you have complications with your knees, flat feet can be a contributor to arthritis in that area.  

Symptoms

  • Pain around the heel or arch area
  • Trouble standing on the tip toe
  • Swelling around the inside of the ankle
  • Flat look to one or both feet
  • Having your shoes feel uneven when worn

Treatment

If you are experiencing pain and stress on the foot you may weaken the posterior tibial tendon, which runs around the inside of the ankle. 

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Mesa and Globe, AZ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about What is Flexible Flat Foot?
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