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October 2023

Peripheral vascular disease, also known as PVD, is a prevalent issue, especially among diabetics. It affects over five million people each year and contributes to complications such as lower extremity wounds and amputations. Given its widespread incidence, obtaining an accurate diagnosis is critical for effective management and prevention of severe outcomes. There are non-invasive screening methods that podiatrists can incorporate into their initial patient evaluations, and they are deemed highly effective for identifying peripheral arterial diseases, particularly in at-risk populations. If you have PVD or lower extremity issues, it is strongly suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist for a comprehensive vascular assessment and treatment.

Vascular testing plays an important part in diagnosing disease like peripheral artery disease. If you have symptoms of peripheral artery disease, or diabetes, consult with Dr. Glen Robison from AZ Foot & Ankle. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

What Is Vascular Testing?

Vascular testing checks for how well blood circulation is in the veins and arteries. This is most often done to determine and treat a patient for peripheral artery disease (PAD), stroke, and aneurysms. Podiatrists utilize vascular testing when a patient has symptoms of PAD or if they believe they might. If a patient has diabetes, a podiatrist may determine a vascular test to be prudent to check for poor blood circulation.

How Is it Conducted?

Most forms of vascular testing are non-invasive. Podiatrists will first conduct a visual inspection for any wounds, discoloration, and any abnormal signs prior to a vascular test.

 The most common tests include:

  • Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI) examination
  • Doppler examination
  • Pedal pulses

These tests are safe, painless, and easy to do. Once finished, the podiatrist can then provide a diagnosis and the best course for treatment.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Mesa and Globe, AZ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

 

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Tuesday, 24 October 2023 00:00

A Painful Arthritic Condition Called Gout

Gout, often called the disease of kings, is a form of inflammatory arthritis that has plagued humanity for centuries. It is commonly caused by excess uric acid crystals in joints, primarily targeting the big toe. Uric acid is a natural byproduct of purine metabolism, but when levels become excessively high, crystals form and lead to intense pain, inflammation, and swelling in the affected joint. Gout attacks, also known as flares, can be sudden and excruciating. Various factors contribute to gout, including genetics, dietary choices, obesity, and other medical conditions. Lifestyle modifications, dietary changes, and medications are commonly employed to manage and prevent gout. Gout attacks can interrupt daily activities. If you have this painful condition, it is strongly suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can help you to manage this ailment successfully.

Gout is a painful condition that can be treated. If you are seeking treatment, contact Dr. Glen Robison from AZ Foot & Ankle. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Is Gout?

Gout is a form of arthritis that is characterized by sudden, severe attacks of pain, redness, and tenderness in the joints. The condition usually affects the joint at the base of the big toe. A gout attack can occur at any random time, such as the middle of the night while you are asleep.

Symptoms

  • Intense Joint Pain - Usually around the large joint of your big toe, and it most severe within the first four to twelve hours
  • Lingering Discomfort - Joint discomfort may last from a few days to a few weeks
  • Inflammation and Redness -Affected joints may become swollen, tender, warm and red
  • Limited Range of Motion - May experience a decrease in joint mobility

Risk Factors

  • Genetics - If family members have gout, you’re more likely to have it
  • Medications - Diuretic medications can raise uric acid levels
  • Gender/Age - Gout is more common in men until the age of 60. It is believed that estrogen protects women until that point
  • Diet - Eating red meat and shellfish increases your risk
  • Alcohol - Having more than two alcoholic drinks per day increases your risk
  • Obesity - Obese people are at a higher risk for gout

Prior to visiting your podiatrist to receive treatment for gout, there are a few things you should do beforehand. If you have gout you should write down your symptoms--including when they started and how often you experience them, important medical information you may have, and any questions you may have. Writing down these three things will help your podiatrist in assessing your specific situation so that he or she may provide the best route of treatment for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Mesa and Globe, AZ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Tuesday, 17 October 2023 00:00

Why Pronation of the Feet Matters

Understanding supination and pronation as they relate to the feet is essential for maintaining proper foot health. Supination refers to the positioning of your foot when your weight tends to be more on the outside during walking or running, essentially causing your foot to lean outward. Pronation means your weight tends to be more on the inside of your foot during these activities, causing your foot to lean inward. Ideally, during a proper stride, your foot should roll forward from heel to toe with neutral pronation, ensuring even weight distribution. Excessive supination places stress on the outer side of your foot and can lead to uneven wear on the outside of your shoe. It may result in various issues, including calluses, bunions, and pain in your heels and the balls of your feet. Excessive pronation involves your foot rolling toward the inside, leading to uneven wear on the inside of your shoe and potential pain in your arch, heel, and ankle. The causes of these pronation issues can be genetic, such as having a high arch or uneven leg lengths, or they can result from injuries, overuse, or walking on hard surfaces. Obesity or pregnancy may also increase overpronation. If you suspect issues with your foot mechanics, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist for an exam and treatment plan options. 

If you have any concerns about your feet, contact Dr. Glen Robison from AZ Foot & Ankle. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Biomechanics in Podiatry

Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body, causing an interference with the biological structures. It focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.

A History of Biomechanics

  • Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
  • In 1974, biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination in the area.

Modern technological improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes that provide a better understanding of podiatric concepts for biomechanics. Computers can provide accurate information about the forces and patterns of the feet and lower legs.

Understanding biomechanics of the feet can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Mesa and Globe, AZ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about The Importance of Biomechanics in Podiatry
Tuesday, 10 October 2023 00:00

Treatment for Cracked Heels

Cracked heels are a common foot condition characterized by the splitting of dry, thick skin on the heels. When only the outer layer of skin is affected, it may not be painful but can be uncomfortable. In more severe cases, the cracks can extend into the healthy skin, causing pain, bleeding, and infection risk. Several factors contribute to cracked heels, including prolonged standing, wearing unsupportive footwear, and biomechanical issues. Additionally, taking hot showers, increase in weight, and medical conditions such as diabetes may contribute to developing cracked heels. They are often more prevalent in the summer due to wearing open-back shoes and warm weather. Symptoms of cracked heels often include discomfort, pain while standing, itchiness, and dry, white skin on the heels. Treatment involves removing the dry skin, addressing underlying problems or infections, and preventing recurrence. Prevention strategies include regular callus removal, daily moisturizing, and wearing appropriate footwear. If you are suffering from cracked heels and they are not responding to everyday foot care, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist for a specialized treatment plan.

If the skin on your feet starts to crack, you may want to see a podiatrist to find treatment. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Glen Robison from AZ Foot & Ankle. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Cracked Heels

It is important to moisturize your cracked heels in order to prevent pain, bleeding, and infection. The reason cracked heels form is because the skin on the foot is too dry to support the immense pressure placed on them. When the foot expands, the dry skin on the foot begins to split.

Ways to Help Heal Them

  • Invest in a good foot cream
  • Try Using Petroleum Jelly
  • Ease up on Soaps
  • Drink Plenty of Water

Ways to Prevent Cracked Heels

  • Moisturize After Showering
  • Skip a Shower
  • Keep Shower Water Lukewarm
  • Don’t Scrub Your Feet

If you are unsure how to proceed in treating cracked heels, seek guidance from a podiatrist. Your doctor will help you with any questions or information you may need. 

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Mesa and Globe, AZ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Wednesday, 04 October 2023 00:00

It's Time for Beautiful Feet

You don't need an excuse to have beautiful nails. Step outside without worrying about the appearance of your feet.

Tuesday, 03 October 2023 00:00

Do Feet Grow During Pregnancy?

Pregnancy is a remarkable journey filled with countless changes to the body, and one question that often arises is whether the feet grow during this time. The answer, for the most part, is yes and no. During pregnancy, a woman's body goes through significant hormonal changes, including an increase in the hormone relaxin. This helps prepare the body for childbirth by loosening ligaments. This hormone can also affect the ligaments and joints in the feet, causing them to relax and potentially lead to a temporary increase in foot size during pregnancy. Swelling, a common side effect of pregnancy, can also make feet appear larger. However, it is essential to note that this growth also is usually temporary. After giving birth, and once hormonal levels return to normal, many women find that their feet return to their pre-pregnancy size. However, some may experience lasting changes, particularly if they gain a significant amount of weight during pregnancy. While it is possible for feet to appear to grow during pregnancy due to hormonal changes and swelling, these changes are generally not permanent. It's important to monitor foot health during pregnancy and wear shoes that fit properly, regardless of their size. If you have questions about foot growth during pregnancy, it is suggested that you confer with a podiatrist who can provide you with the information you are seeking.

Pregnant women with swollen feet can be treated with a variety of different methods that are readily available. For more information about other cures for swollen feet during pregnancy, consult with Dr. Glen Robison from AZ Foot & Ankle. Our doctor will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs.

What Foot Problems Can Arise During Pregnancy?

One problem that can occur is overpronation, which occurs when the arch of the foot flattens and tends to roll inward.  This can cause pain and discomfort in your heels while you’re walking or even just standing up, trying to support your baby.  

Another problem is edema, or swelling in the extremities. This often affects the feet during pregnancy but tends to occur in the later stages. 

How Can I Keep My Feet Healthy During Pregnancy?

  • Wearing orthotics can provide extra support for the feet and help distribute weight evenly
  • Minimize the amount of time spent walking barefoot
  • Wear shoes with good arch support
  • Wear shoes that allow for good circulation to the feet
  • Elevate feet if you experience swelling
  • Massage your feet
  • Get regular, light exercise, such as walking, to promote blood circulation to the feet

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Mesa and Globe, AZ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Foot Care for Pregnant Women
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